WHEN RELIGION MEETS THE INTERNET (Cyber-Religion and the Secularization Thesis)

Asep Muhamad Iqbal

Abstract


This article examines the presence of cyber-religion, the worldwide increasing use of the Internet for religious purposes, in which religion is migrating online as its strategies of adaptation and shaping a new environment. It aims to look at the phenomenon of religious migration to virtual world and its possible implications for secularization thesis. The article argues that the massive emergence of online religion serves a (another) counterpoint to the prediction of the end of religion in modern society as proposed by the proponents of secularization theory. It also claims that religious use of the Internet among religion surfers has no significant impacts on the real world organized religions and their religious communal identity.

Keywords


Religion; Internet; Secularization; Cyber-Religion

Full Text:

PDF

References


Barzilai-Nahon, Karine & Barzilai, Gad. 2005. ‘Cultured Technology: The Internet and Religious Fundamentalism’, The Information Society: An International Journal, Vol 21, No 1, page 25-40;

Berger, Peter L. 1999. “The Desecularization of the World: A Global Overview”. In Peter L. Berger (ed.). The Desecularization of the World: Resurgent Religion and World Politics. Ethics and Public Policy Center, Washington.

Campbell, Heidi. 2005. “Considering Spiritual Dimensions within Computer-Mediated Communication Studies”, New Media & Society Vol. 7, No 1, page 110-134.

Campbell, Heidi. 2006. “Religion and the Internet”, Communication

Research Trends Vol. 25, No 1, 3-24.

Casey, Cheryl Anne. 2006. ‘Virtual Ritual, Real Faith: the Virtualization of Religious Ritual in Cyberspace’, Online-Journal of Religions on the Internet Vol 2, No 1,

Chama, Joshua. 1996. ‘Finding God on the Web’, Time, Vol. 149, Issue

, page 52-59. Retrieved 3 August 2016 from http://www.time. com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,985700,00.html.

Davie, Grace. 1999. “Europe: The Exception that Proves the Rule?”. In Peter L. Berger (ed.), The Desecularization of the World: Resurgent Religion and World Politics. Ethics and Public Policy Center, Washington.

DiMaggio, Paul, Hargittai, Eszter, Neuman, W.Russell., & Robinson, John P. 2001. “Social Implications of the Internet”, Annual Reviews of Sociology, Vol 27, page 307-336.

Ess, Charles, Kawabata, Akira, & Kurosaki, Hiroyuki. 2007. “Cross- cultural Perspectives on Religion and Computer-Mediated Communication”, Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication Vol

, page 939-955.

Fox, Jonathan. 2001. “Religion as an Overlooked Element of

International Relations”, International Studies Review Vol. 3, No

, page 53-73.

Goh, Robbie B.H. 2005. ‘The Internet and Christianity in Asia: Cultural Trends, Structures and Transformations’, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research Vol. 29, No 4, page 831-848.

Grey Matter Research and Consulting. 2012. “Almost Half of Online

Americans

Use the Internet for Religious Purposes,” Retrieved 3 August 2016 from Internethttp://www.faithformationlearningexchange.net/ uploads/5/2/4/6/5246709/grey_matter_-_religious_use_of_ the_internetInternet.pdf.

Hackett, Roslaind I. J. 2006. “Religion and the Internet”, Diogenes Vol

, page 67-76.

Helland, Christopher. 2002. “Surfing for Salvation”, Religion Vol 32, page 293-302.

Helland, Christopher. 2007. ‘Diaspora on the Electronic Frontier: Developing Virtual Connections with Sacred Homelands’, Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication Vol 12, page 956-976.

Hoover, Stewart M., Clark, Lynn Schofield, and Rainie, Lee. 2004. “Faith Online: 64% of wired Americans have used the Internet for spiritual or religious purposes”, Pew Internet and American Life Project, 7 April. Retrieved 3 August 2016 from Internethttp://www.pewinternetInternet.org/files/old-media/ Files/Reports/2004/PIP_Faith_Online_2004.pdf.

Jacobs, Stephen. 2007. ‘Virtual Sacred: the Performance of Asynchronous Cyber-Rituals in Online Spaces’, Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication Vol 12, page 1103-1121.

Kluver, Randolph and Cheong, Pauline H. 2007. ‘Technological Modernization, the Internet and Religion in Singapore’, Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication Vol 12, page 122-1142.

Larsen, Elena. 2000. “Wired Churches, Wired Temples” Pew Research Center, 20 December. Retrieved 4 August 2016 from Internethttp://www.pewinternetInternet.org/2000/12/20/ wired-churches-wired-temples/.

Larsen, Elena. 2001. ”Cyberfaith: How American Pursue Religion Online”, Pew Research Center, December 23. Retrieved from Internethttp://www.pewinternetInternet.org/2001/12/23/ cyberfaith-how-americans-pursue-religion-online/.

O’Leary, Stephen and Brasher, Brenda. 1996. “The Unknown God of the Internet”, in Philosophical Perspectives on Computer-Mediated Communication, ed. Charles Ess, State University of New York Press, Albany, New York.

Schroeder, Ralph, Heather, Noel., & Lee, Raymond M. 1998. “The Sacred and the Virtual: Religion in Multi-User Virtual Reality”, Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication Vol. 4. No 2, page

______

Shupe, Anson. 1990. “The Stubborn Persistence of Religion in Global Era”. In Emile Sahliyeh (ed.), Religious Resurgence and Politics in Contemporary World. State University of New York Press. New York.

Stark, Rodney. 1999. “Secularization, R.I.P.”, Sociology of Religion, Vol 60, No 3, page 249-273.

Soukup, Paul A. 2002. ‘Media and Religion’, Communication Research Trends,

Vol. 21, No. 2, page 1-44.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15642/jki.2016.6.1.1-28

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Indexed by:

Creative Commons License
Jurnal Komunikasi Islam (JKI) by http://jki.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/jki is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats