Dramaturgi Komunikasi Dakwah Para Da’i di Kota Ambon: Pola Pengelolaan Kesan di Panggung Depan

Sulaeman Sulaeman, Irta Sulastri, Ali Nurdin

Abstract


This article discusses the pattern of impression management carried out by the da'i on the front stage in an effort to improve the quality of message transformation to mad’u. Through a good impression management, the persua­sion process occurs which allows the conveyed messages to be well received by mad'u with fullly awareness, not by force. Using dramaturgy approach, researchers conducted participatory observation and in-depth interviews towards 15 da'is in Ambon City who were chosen purposively. This study has revealed that during proselytizing, the da'is manage the impression on the front stage by utilizing verbal and nonverbal communication through the management of situational, planned, and spontaneous impressions.

Keywords


Da’i; pengelolaan kesan; dramaturgi; panggung depan

Full Text:

PDF

References


Khaliq, A. (1998). Metode dan strategi dakwah Islam. Jakarta: Pustaka al-Kautsar.

Adam, F., Anuar, M.M., & Ali, A.H. (2014). Islamic da'wah in the west. Poston, L. Theological Studies. 54(1), 193-220.

Ahmad, A.S. (2000). Dakwah-misi dan komunikasi. Makalah (28 Mei 2000). Lokakarya Ilmu Komunikasi Jurusan Komunikasi UNHAS: Makassar.

Al-Faruqi, I. (1978). On the nature of Islamic da’wah. The International Review of Mission. 65 (260), 391-406.

Annuar, M. F., & Adam,A.A.H. (2014). The use of blog as a medium of Islamic da’wah in Malaysia. International Journal of Sustainable Human Development. 2 (2), 74-80.

Arifin, A. (2011). Dakwah kontemporer: Sebuah studi komunikasi. Jakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Berger, P.L, & Thomas, L. (1966). The social construction of reality: A Treatise in the sociology of knowledge. New York: Anchor Books.

Bukhari. (2009). Dakwah Ahlulbait Kajian Kang Jalal. Disertasi. Sekolah Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Syarif Hidayatullah: Jakarta.

Burns, R.B. (1979). The self concept in theory, measurement, development and behavior. London: Longman Group Limited.

Creswell, J. W. (1998). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five traditions . Thousand Oaks: Sage Publication Inc.

Haron, M. (2006). Da'wah movements and Sufi tariqahs: Competing for spiritual spaces in contemporary Southrern Africa.” Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs. 25 (2), 261-285.

Given, M. L. (2008). The sage encyclopedia of qualitative research methods (Vol. 1 and 2). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publication.

Goffman, E. (1959). The presentation of self everyday life. Harmondworth: Penguin.

Ilahi, W. (2010). Komunikasi dakwah. PT. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya,.

Kusnawan, A. (2004). Ilmu dakwah (kajian berbagai aspek). Bandung: Pustaka Bani Quraisy.

Lindlof, T. R. (1995). Qualitative communication research methods. California USA: Sage Publications.

Little John, W. S., & Karen, A. F. (2009). Encyclopedia of communication theories. University of New Mexico: SAGE Reference Publication.

Ma’arif, S. B. (2010). Komunikasi dakwah: Paradigma untuk aksi (Cet.I). Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Mahadi, U. (2012). Komunikasi dakwah kaum migran: Studi komunikasi antar budaya dengan pendekatan fenomenologi pada dai kaum migran dalam dakwah Islam di kota Bengkulu. Disertasi. Sekolah Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Syarif Hidayatullah: Jakarta.

Moustakas, C. (1994). Phenomenological research methods. London: Sage Publications.

Mulkan, A. M. (1996). Idiologisasi gerakan dakwah: Episode kehidupan M. Natsir dan Ahmad Azhar Basyir. Yogyakarta: Sipress.

Mulkan, D. (2014). Islamic preaching (da’wa) portrait in television (Indonesian cases).” The International Journal of Social Sciences. 19 (1), 176-189.

Mulyana, D. (2010). Metode penelitian kualitatif, paradigma ilmu komunikasi dan ilmu sosial lainnya. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya.

-------. (2015). Komunikasi media dan masyarakat: Membedah absurditas budaya Indonesia. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya.

Poston, L. (1991). The Future of da'wah in North America. American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences. 8 (3), 501-528.

Radford, G.P. (2005). On the philosophy of communication. USA: Thomson Wadsworth.

Supartra, M. (2003). Metode dakwah. Jakarta: Prenada Media.

Syahputra, I. (2007). Komunikasi profetik: Konsep dan pendekatannya. Bandung: Simbiosa Rekatama Media.

Syaiful, M.B. (2008). Pola komunikasi dakwah KH. Abdullah Gymnastiar dan KH. Jalaluddin Rakhmat dalam membina kehidupan beragama jemaahnya di Bandung. Disertasi. Sekolah Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Syarif Hidayatullah: Jakarta.

Syam & Nina, W. (2010). Filsafat sebagai akar ilmu komunikasi. Bandung: Simbiosa Rekatama Media.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15642/jki.2018.1.1.86-110

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Indexed by:

Creative Commons License
Jurnal Komunikasi Islam (JKI) by http://jki.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/jki is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats